Hip - technical drawing

technical drawing hip
General
  • You must draw body from en face and profile perspective.
  • Holes from the left and right sides of body for wire connecting legs to hips MUST be on central lines of body.
  • If a puppet has trousers, it is important to carve the bottem part of the body between the legs of the puppet so that the textile does not inhibit movement.
  • The proportion of the joints is necessary to adjust based on the size of the puppet; a large, heavy puppet needs much stronger joints.
  • Basic wooden joints can be the same for marionettes with wire and marionettes on strings.
  • There are many variations in the way you can make hip joints so that your puppet can do a specific movement or trick. But more complicated joints make it more difficult for the puppet to walk.
  • To see if the joints will work, it is good to make a silhouette of the body from paper. Cut the upper and lower parts of the legs out and, with the silhouettes, try to see if the puppet can do basic movements, such as sitting and kneeling.
  • Distance between the legs (from en face perspective) is wider than a human.
  • It should be large enough so that the strings going from the knees of the puppet went extended upwards on either side of the head and don't touch it. .
  • If the feet are too close together the puppet will not walk. If the puppet will have trousters, make sure they do not block movement.
  • If the distance between the legs is too wide the puppet will swing from side to side when it walks.
    There are two main ways of connecting the leg to the body
  • Joint carved inside the body can be used for all types of puppet.
  • Legs connected from the side on wooden dowels are most appropriate for a puppet without a costome or a dancing puppet.

Var 1

technical drawing hip
    How to draw the joint
  • These are joints which are connected by cutting holes in the bottom part of the body at right angles and connecting the joints (legs and body) with a small nail or wire.
  • When walking, the leg is lifted in front of the body (this is also how the puppet can sit). You do not want this leg to go back behind the puppet.
  • How to draw the joint - En face drawing
  • The whole leg is on its own center line. The hip joint is on the same vertical center line as the knee joint.
  • At the bottom part of the body, draw two vertical slits into which the top of your legs will fit. Draw these slits carefully using right angles.
  • The width of the slits: for a puppet about 50 cm high, the slit should be about 12 - 15 mm wide.
  • To find out how high the slits should be, we must work with the profile drawing.
  • Profile drawing
  • On the profile drawing, you measure the distance between the center line and the front of the belly (on the bottom part of the body). Take this distance, and add about 25%.
  • With this total, measure from the bottom of the body (on the center line) vertically - this point is the center of the pivotal point of the joint.
  • At this point, you drill a 1,5 mm hole going through the body and joint where a small wire will connect the leg and the body.
  • From this pivotal point, take a compass and make a circle on the leg which has a radius of about 10 mm (puppet size 50 cm height).
  • The top of the circle is the top of the joint on leg.
  • Make the top of the slit in body 5 mm longer than the size of the joint on the leg. This allows the body to lean forward a bit towards the front when in a sitting position.
  • Go back to En face drawing
  • Now draw a horizontal line from the top of the joint to the en face drawing; the height of the slits and the place of the hole for the wire should be on your en face drawing.
  • Go back to the Profile drawing
  • From the center of the pivotal point of the joint, you will draw another circle on the body. This circle's radius is the distance between the pivotal point and the bottom of the body (on the center line).
  • Draw this circle only on the front part of your belly on your profile drawing.
  • This will give you the shape of your lower belly - you must cut on the cirlce that you have drawn because it will allow the puppet to lift its leg, sit, and walk like a person.
hip hip
hip hip
hip hip
hip hip
hip hip
hip hip

Var 2 - hips joints on side

technical drawing hip
    How to draw the joint
  • These are joints which are connected by drilling hole in the bottom part of body.
  • When walking, the leg must be lifted in front of body (and thus the puppet can sit); you also do not want your leg to go back behind the puppet.
  • How to draw the joint - En face drawing
  • In the bottom of your body, draw two open holes into which the top of legs will be fixed on dowel.
  • The width of the dowel for a puppet about 50 cm will be 12 - 15 mm and it will go through body into right and left legs. The hole for the dowel in the legs will be 2.5 - 3.5 cm deap (for a puppet 50 cm high).
  • Profile drawing
  • Center of hole MUST be on profile center lines of body and also on center lines of legs.
  • On the profile drawing, you measure the distance between the center line and the front of the belly (on the bottom part of the body). Take this distance, add about 25%.
  • With this amount, measure from the bottom of the body (on the center line) vertically - this point is the center of the pivotal part of the joint.
  • At this point, you will in body drill a 12 or 15 mm hole for dowel going through the body.
  • From this pivotal point, you must take a compass and make on leg a circle that has a radius of about 15 - 20 mm (puppet size 50 cm).
  • The top of the circle is the top of the joint on leg.
  • Go back to En face drawing
  • Now draw a horizontal line from the top of the joint to the en face drawing; the height of the leg and the place of the hole for the dowel should be on your en face drawing.
  • Go back to Profile drawing
  • From the center of the pivotal point of the joint, you will draw another circle on body. This circle's radius is the distance between the pivotal point and the bottom of the body (on the center line).
  • Draw this circle on bottom part of body.
  • This will give you the shape of lower part of body - you should cut on the circle, that you have drawn to make body nicely rounded.
  • Top of leg must be shaped round in full circle that can move in hole 15 - 20 mm in body when it is attached on dowel.
  • Leg will be fixed with small wire in notch carved in ends of dowel.
hip hip
hip hip
hip hip
hip hip